modernity in Ethiopia
Discovering a modern Ethiopia in one of the oldest countries in the world. Ethiopia is Africa's oldest independent country and second largest in terms of its population. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini's Italy, it has never been colonised. It served as a symbol of African independence throughout the colonial period, and was a founder member of the United Nations. With exceptional growth (+ 8% expected in 2015, + 10% in 2014, 9.8% in 2013, 8.7% in 2012): Ethiopia's economy is one of the most dynamic in Africa with Ghana, Nigeria, Angola and South Africa. But it is the only African country to know this growth without hydrocarbons.
In 2016, this country illustrates, in an exemplary way, the "take-off" of Africa which experts speak of in recent years. Ethiopia is particularly exemplarily by its dynamic industrialization, a first in the history of Africa. In the 1970s, the "miracle" of some African countries was driven by soaring prices of raw materials or state investment. Today, in the textile sector, has Ethiopia seen many factories under construction and created the equivalent of 50 000 jobs in the past 5 years.
Along with foreign investment (China and Turkey), this economic "boom" is accompanied by major changes toward modernity in Ethiopia: wind farms, ultra-modern dams, universities at the forefront of technology, space observatory, facilities of modern neighborhoods in Addis Ababa, titanic projects in transportation (roads, new port of Djibouti, railway lines, metro). Over the past five years, part of the country has swung in the XXI century.